Plant Care ZZ Plant

ZZ Plant

4.9 out of 5 (646 experiences)

ZZ Plant has a Survivor plant personality Survivor
ZZ Plant has a Fast grower plant personality Fast grower

About ZZ Plant

ZZ plants have survived 42 million years of plant pathogens, pests, and climate change. Their resilience and ability to tolerate water stress and low light has elevated them to international horticultural importance! Out of 15 plants tested, the ZZ plant was the best at absorbing and removing out of the air a major component found in gasoline. ⛽️


Zamioculcas zamiifolia

Also known as

Zanzibar gem, Zuzu plant, Aroid Palm, Eternity Plant, Emerald Palm, ZZ Black Queen and Super Nova ZZ

How to care for ZZ Plant

💦 Water

How often to water your ZZ Plant

Water needs for ZZ Plant
0.5 cups
every 12

ZZ Plant needs 0.5 cups of water every 12 when it doesn’t get direct sunlight and is potted in a 5" pot.

Use our water calculator to personalize watering recommendations to your environment or download Greg for more advanced recommendations for all of your plants.

Calculate water needs of ZZ Plant

Water 0.5 cups every

Does your plant get direct sunlight?

Select the pot size

☀️ Light

Finding light for ZZ Plant in your home

Light needs and placement for plant ZZ Plant: 6ft from a window
6ft or less from
a window

ZZ Plant can tolerate being far from a window and light source.

Place it less than 6 feet from a south-facing window to ensure it receives enough light to survive 💪.

Select your region to see how the current weather in your area affects the placement of ZZ Plant in your home 🏡.

🪴 Nutrients

How to fertilize ZZ Plant

Nutrient, fertilizer, and repotting needs for ZZ Plant: repot after 2X growth

Most potting soils come with ample nutrients which plants use to produce new growth.

By the time your plant has depleted the nutrients in its soil it’s likely grown enough to need a larger pot anyway.

To replenish this plant's nutrients, repot your ZZ Plant after it doubles in size or once a year—whichever comes first.

Browse #ZzPlant
💡 FAQs
⭐ Difficulty Level

ZZ Plant is generally considered an easy-to-care-for plant and makes a great choice for beginners!

Benefits of Growing ZZ Plant →

Common ZZ Plant Problems →

💦 Water Needs

ZZ Plant thrives in dry soil and should be watered sparingly. Use our water calculator to personalize watering recommendations to your environment or download Greg for more advanced recommendations for all of your plants.

ZZ Plant Water Frequency →

ZZ Plant Root Rot →

☀️ Sunlight Needs

ZZ Plant can tolerate being far from a window and light source. Place it less than 6 feet from a south-facing window to ensure it receives enough light to survive 💪. Select your region to see how the current weather in your area affects the placement in your home 🏡.

ZZ Plant Light Requirements →

ZZ Plant Direct Sunlight Needs & Tolerance →

🐶 🐈 👶 Toxicity

ZZ Plant is not safe to consume. If you, a family member, or a pet has ingested any amount of plant material contact Poison Control, US (800) 222-1222, or your veterinarian. If you have children, cats, or dogs in the home, we suggest keeping this plant out of reach.

ZZ Plant Toxicity to Humans →

💨 Humidity

ZZ Plant prefers dry environments. Providing extra humidity or misting your plant allows water to linger on leaves, which can create the perfect environment for harmful types of fungi.

ZZ Plant Humidity Needs →

🪴 Soil

ZZ Plant is very sensitive to wet soil, so choose a potting soil that drains very well and doesn’t retain too much moisture. A good soil will have lots of perlite or vermiculite for drainage and some organic matter for nutrition. A few handfuls of perlite added to regular store-bought cactus soil will do the trick!

When and How to Successfully Repot ZZ Plant →

💩 Fertilizer

ZZ Plant grows very slowly and doesn’t require added fertilizer. Replacing your plant’s potting soil once a year should provide them with more than enough nutrition. Remember, plants get their energy from sunlight, not fertilizer!

❄️ Dormancy

It’s common for ZZ Plant to go dormant in the wintertime and you may notice their growth slow down. Waterings should be spaced out more during this time.

🌎 Native Region

ZZ Plant is native to Southeastern Africa.

🌸 Flowers

ZZ Plant produces flowers in the wild, but does not flower when kept as houseplants.

ZZ Plant Flowers →

⬆️ ⬇️ Growth Pattern

ZZ Plant is a clumping plant, meaning new growth will emerge from the soil around the parent plant.

How and When to Prune ZZ Plant →

🌦️ Growing Outdoors

USDA Hardiness Zone
ZZ Plant can be grown outdoors in USDA Hardiness Zones 9a-10b. Find your local hardiness zone here.

ZZ Plant Temperature Tolerance →

🌱 Propagation

ZZ Plant can be propagated by the stem method. To propagate:

  • Make a cut just above the node. The node is the break in the stem where the leaf emerges.
  • To get the cutting to root, you can either:
    • Place the cutting in water until roots emerge and are ~2” long and then transplant into well-draining soil, or
    • Place the cutting directly into well-draining soil and water when dry.

🧐 Troubleshooting

When troubleshooting a sad-looking houseplant, start by checking for signs of distress in its leaves, such as yellowing, browning, or drooping, which can indicate overwatering or nutrient deficiencies.

Inspect the soil moisture; too dry or too wet soil can cause problems.

Ensure the plant is getting the right amount of light, as too much or too little can stress it.

Finally, consider environmental factors like temperature and humidity, and adjust care routines accordingly to revive your plant.

😖 Common Issues

Overwatering is a likely cause of issues with ZZ Plant. These plants are very sensitive to wet soil so if you notice your plant becoming squishy or translucent, overwatering is the likely culprit.

Cut your plant just past where the rot ends and allow it to callus over for a few days before replanting it in fresh, dry soil. Download Greg to make sure your plant never gets overwatered again!

Care Summary for ZZ Plant

ZZ Plant

ZZ Plant

Greg recommends:


0.5 cups every 12 days


< 6ft from a window


Repot after 2x growth

Based on the 4” pot your plant is in, and that it doesn’t get direct sunlight.

What other plant parents say

ZZ Plant has a Survivor plant personality Survivor 481
ZZ Plant has a Fast grower plant personality Fast grower 279
ZZ Plant has a Large, lush leaves plant personality Large, lush leaves 148
ZZ Plant has a Easy to propagate plant personality Easy to propagate 73
ZZ Plant has a Blooms easily plant personality Blooms easily 31
ZZ Plant has a Browns easily plant personality Browns easily 16
ZZ Plant has a Pest magnet plant personality Pest magnet 4
@NotableGray avatar
leaf-1 3 Plants
xp 85 XP
globe Holly Springs, NC

Gorgeous plant

@PureAgboy avatar
leaf-1 8 Plants
xp 111 XP
globe Townsend, DE

This plant loves low light, plant food when watering 1x every 1-2 weeks.

Fast grower Fast grower
Blooms easily Blooms easily
Survivor Survivor
@iWhilby2021 avatar
leaf-1 48 Plants
xp 7,954 XP

I love Zz plants. They are easy to care for. Typically need watering once per month.

Survivor Survivor
@Agatha avatar
leaf-1 37 Plants
xp 1,147 XP

A plant that neither does nor grows, lol.
Depending on who you are that will sound boring or ideal.
Truly thrives on neglect.
Personally I love mine, it fills out my plant area, always looks green and healthy.

Survivor Survivor
@EaterofSeed avatar
leaf-1 4 Plants
xp 148 XP
globe North Miami, FL

It cool and sexy and grow swaggily

Easy for amateur grower and does not call you mean names like “stinky meat bag” or “non photosynthsizer”

@PurpleButterfly avatar
leaf-1 13 Plants
xp 312 XP
globe Orillia, Ontario

This is an easy going plant doesn’t need a lot of attention. Let the soil completely dry out in between waterings and provide plenty of drainage for your Zz plant.

Keep out of reach of your cats and dogs (and children) as it can be harmful when consumed.

Survivor Survivor
Easy to propagate Easy to propagate
@vavavivacious avatar
leaf-1 6 Plants
xp 1,885 XP

I’ve had my ZZ for a year and a half now, overwatered once and thought I was going to lose her, but she bounced back! Let ZZs dry out between waters and be sure to trim dying leaves off immediately when you see them. Also, if a whole stem is dying, prune right down to soil, or a little bit underneath, then cover over with some soil - it’ll grow right back. When pruning, be sure to use the right size shears because ZZs do not like jagged cuts.

Fast grower Fast grower
Survivor Survivor
@LovingSunnyAZ avatar
leaf-1 11 Plants
xp 7,668 XP
globe Goodyear, AZ

Beautiful dark green, waxy leaves. And as a succulent, it doesn’t require much attention, but thrives just as well. A happy plant 🌱

Survivor Survivor
@Lexieee avatar
leaf-1 3 Plants
xp 130 XP

I have neglected this plant for so long and it's as happy as can be.

Survivor Survivor
@simplepleasure avatar
leaf-1 29 Plants
xp 1,697 XP
globe Springfield, IL

Easy care, seems to thrive on neglect! Deep green, shiny leaves.

Survivor Survivor
@AMG avatar
leaf-1 36 Plants
xp 7,580 XP
globe Phoenix, AZ

Will grow even in low light. Brown patches on stem appear if exposed to too much light.
Well draining soil mix.
Grows very slowly

Easy to propagate Easy to propagate
Survivor Survivor
@Katy410 avatar
leaf-1 34 Plants
xp 2,373 XP

Seems easy to take care of.

Fast grower Fast grower
Survivor Survivor
@HeartyOrchids avatar
leaf-1 1 Plants
xp 27 XP
globe Huntsville, AL

I love this plant! Very fast grower (it’s been about six months and it’s so much taller + there’s a baby now) and it’s very easy to care for. No matter how many days I’ve missed watering, this plant stands strong

Fast grower Fast grower
Survivor Survivor
Browns easily Browns easily
Cheryl avatar
leaf-1 21 Plants
xp 1,303 XP

I just got it yesterday so I only know one think it needs to be repotted have wait few else until it gets used to new environment 🤗🤗🤗🤗

@Studiomitchi avatar
leaf-1 7 Plants
xp 226 XP
globe Cuyahoga Falls, OH

This is the number one plant to buy if you want to take care of plants as a hobby for the first time. If I could have a room full of only ZZ plants it would make me feel so good about my life because they could be locked in a dungeon and still thrive.

Survivor Survivor
@jadedtara avatar
leaf-1 16 Plants
xp 539 XP
globe Delaware, OH

East care, very pretty and grow pretty quick!

Fast grower Fast grower
Survivor Survivor
@fantasmagloria avatar
leaf-1 11 Plants
xp 823 XP

This is a Black ZZ Plant and it’s honestly such an interesting one! Truly a survivor like the regular ZZ, but watching the leaves go from new growth green to an almost black is fascinating!

Survivor Survivor
@QuayNicole avatar
leaf-1 18 Plants
xp 1,681 XP

This plant pretty much takes care of its self. I water it once a month and it’s flourishing!

Fast grower Fast grower
Easy to propagate Easy to propagate
@BJoyce avatar
leaf-1 57 Plants
xp 10,343 XP
globe Orlando, FL

Resilient plant and rewarding if you’re proactive about care. Some of my favorite new leaves - they look like little cocoons when they’re forming.

Survivor Survivor
@brentdowney avatar
leaf-1 1 Plants
xp 35 XP

Super easy, low light plant looks great in my home office!

Fast grower Fast grower
Large, lush leaves Large, lush leaves
Survivor Survivor

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